WW2: U-boats losses caused by Soviet Armed Forces

U-9 as the Soviet trophy
U-9 as the Soviet trophy
-9

  Kriegsmarine was (in)famous for the massive use of their submarine's fleet during the War, despite most of the U-boats were used against Allied shipping, some were deployed against the Soviet Navy. That's the list of the Soviet anti-submarines successes.


NOTE: this list include also U-boats lightly damaged in action. This kind of damage was often a success because could force the submarine to abandon a patrol.

A submarine with the holed periscope cant attack a merchant after all! Many merchants were potentially saved attacks that caused this kind of damage.

2 U-boats surely sunk by Soviet forces (one by submarine, one by depth charges) with other 4 of uncertain loss. At least 3 U-boats suffered soviet attacks with heavy damages as result (caused by depth charges and ramming) and needed time to be repaired.

In Arctic, the Soviets made successful use of Allied Lend-Leased ships (destroyers and minesweepers) and aircrafts (Catalina and B-25 Mitchell), against German U-boats.

Submarine

Date

Attacker

Details

Result

Human losses.

U-451

6 August 1941

Motorboat Polyarnik

1 shell of 45mm

Insignificant

No casualties

U-571

26 August 1941

Destroyer Valerian Kuybyshev

Depth charges

Badly damaged

No casualties

U-752

15 Septem.1941

Patrol ship Briz

Deph charges

Lightly damaged

No casualties

U-578

25 Novem. 1941

Patrol ship SKR-25

Ramming

Badly damaged

No casualties

U-585

End of March 1942

Mine from:

Submarine K-23

Or

Aerial mine from bomber DB-3F

Or

Drifting mine from German defensive field

Mine

Sunk

Entire crew KIA

U-454

24 April 1942

Motor torpedo boat TK-14

Depth charges

Damaged

No casualties

U-639

28 August 1943

Submarine S-101

Torpedo

Sunk

Entire crew KIA

U-344

22 August 1944

Shared: Destroyer Zguchyi

or Allied British biplane Swordfish

Depth charges

or bombs

Sunk

Entire crew KIA

U-362

5 Sept 1944

Minesweeper Tszcz-116

Depth charges

Sunk

Entire crew KIA

U-737

22 Oct 1944

2 MBR-2 Seaplanes

Strafing

Lightly damaged

3 WIA

U-387

5 Dec 1944

Destroyer Deyatelnyi

20mm

Lightly damaged

No casualties

U-1163

8 Dec 1944

Destroyer Zivuchyi

Ramming

Badly damaged

No casualties

2 months of work

U-318

9 Dec 1944

Leader Destroyer Baku

and Destroyer Derzkyi

Depth charges

Lightly damaged

No casualties

U-387

 

9 Dec 1944

Shared: Leader Destroyer Baku and Destroyer Derzkyi

or Allied British corvette Bamburgh Castle.

Depth charges

Sunk

Entire crew KIA

U-997

20 March 1945

Torpedo boat Smerch

And some BO sub.chasers

Depth charges

Lighty damaged

But forced to return at base.

No casualties

U-312

1 April 1945

Seaplane Catalina

8 bombs

Lightly damaged

No casualties

U-716

5 April 1945

Destroyer Karl Liebnecht, Uritskyi or Druznyi or merchant Kirov

collision

Lighty damaged

But forced to return at base.

No casualties

U-286

22 April 1945

Shared: destroyer Zarkyi.

Or British mines

Or British fregates

Depth charges

Sunk

Entire crew KIA

U-997

22 April 1945

Destroyer Karl Liebnecht

Gunfire

Damaged

No casualties

U-294

22 April 1945

Destroyer Karl Liebnecht or Derzkyi with patrol boat BO-131

Depth charges

Damaged

No casualties

U-711

30 April 1945

Bomber B-25

Aerial depth charges

Damaged

No casualties



BLACK SEA: 2 Submarines directly sunk in action: an Italian midget submarine by motor torpedo boat and an U-boat by air attack. 2 other U-boats were badly damaged and scuttled by Germans as direct consequence of the damage, other 2 Italian midget submarines were technically in bad conditions at the time of the aerial attack resulting in heavy damages and were captured some time later. Only one time a German U-boat suffered heavy damages by depth charges, in another occasion 2 Italian midget submarines suffered bad damages and were out of action by the time of the blockade of Sevastopol.

In Black Sea a number of Submarine attacks close Poti were prevented by ASW even if the U-boats were not damaged.

Delfinul

3 August 1941

Bombers DB-3F and SB-2

Bomb splinter

Lightly damaged

No casualties

CB-5

13 June 1942

Motor torpedo boat D-3

Torpedo

Sunk

No casualties, in Yalta harbour

CB-2

18 June 1942

small unarmed cutters

Crew guns fire.

Lightly damaged

No casualties

CB-2

19 June 1942

Bombers Pe-2

Bombs

Badly damaged

No casualties, in harbour

CB-3

19 June 1942

Bombers Pe-2

Bombs

Badly damaged

No casualties, in harbour

U-24

5 Nov. 1942

Auxiliary minesweeper Tszcz-492 Beloberzje

Machine guns

Lightly damaged

No casualties

U-9

27 Dec 1942

Motor torpedo boat TK-35

9 depth charges

Lightly damaged

No casualties

U-19

13 Febr. 1943

One DB-3 bomber

13 bombs.

Lightly damaged

No casualties

U-9

13 Febr. 1943

Four I-15 biplane bomber-fighters

28 bombs

Periscope damaged

No casualties.

(cause of attack on U-19 and U-9 could be switched)

U-24

31 March 1943

Minesweepers Tszcz-406 Iskatel, Tszcz-409 Garpun and Tszcz-407 Mina and 2 MBR-2 seaplanes

Depth charges

Damaged

Not heavy, but forced to return at base.

No casualties.

U-9

28 May 1943

Motor torpedo boat TK-106

6 depth charges

Lightly damaged

No casualties

U-18

4 June 1943

2 Il-2 attack aircrafts

Bombs

Only periscope damaged But forced to return at base

No casualties

U-24

13 June 1943

2 Il-2 attack aircrafts and 1 MBR-2 seaplane.

Then patrol boat SKA-062 and motor torpedo boats TK-12 and TK-32

Air attack and 39 depth charges

Lightly damaged

No casualties

U-20

26 June 1943

Seaplane MBR-2

Bombs

Damaged forced to return at base

No casualties

U-24

11 August 1943

Patrol boat SKA-0111

23 depth charges

Lightly damaged

No casualties

U-9

31 August 1943

2 Seaplanes KOR-2 and 9 MBR-2

14 aerial d.c.

Damaged

No casualties.

U-18

21 Sept. 1943

Recce Yak-2 aircraft

2 depth charges

Lightly damaged

No casualties

Marsuinul

28 Sept. 1943

Bomber DB-3F

Strafing

-

1 WIA

U-24

22 Oct. 1943

escort unit

1 depth charge

Lightly damaged

No casualties

U-24

24 Oct. 1943

Minesweepers Tszcz-401 Tral and Tszcz-412 Arseniy Rasskin and patrol boats SKA-082, SKA-0102, SKA-0122.

59 depth charges

Damaged

No casualties.

U-18

20 Nov. 1943

Patrol boats SKA-031, SKA-0141 and SKA-0512

Depth charges

Badly damaged Forced to return at base

No casualties. Needed 2 months of repairs.

U-9

31 March 1944

18 Il-2 attack aircrafts

Bombs and gunfire

Moderate damages.

In Fedosia Harbor.

Commander WIA.

U-9

11 May 1944

Catalina seaplane (or maybe other aircrafts)

Bombs

Lightly damaged

No casualties.

U-9

17 May 1944

MBR-2 seaplane, and then maybe patrol boats

Depth charges

Lightly damaged

No casualties

U-24

27 May 1944

Shore battery

76mm

Lightly damaged

1 KIA, 2 WIA.

Rechinul

27 June 1944

Multiple patrol boats (MO-4 class)

Depth charges

Lightly damaged

No casualties

U-9

20 August 1944

Bombers Pe-2

Bombs

Sunk

No casualties.

Constanta Harbor

U-18

20 August 1944

Bombers Pe-2

Bombs

Damaged and then self-sunk

No casualties

Constanta Harbor

U-24

20 August 1944

Bombers Pe-2

Bombs

Damaged and then self-sunk

No casualties

Constanta Harbor

U-19

20 August 1944

Bombers Pe-2

Bombs

Lightly damaged

No casualties

Constanta Harbor

CB-4

20 August 1944

Bombers Pe-2

Bombs

Damaged and then not-operative

No casualties

Constanta Harbor

CB-6

20 August 1944

Bombers Pe-2

Bombs

Damaged and then not-operative

No casualties

Constanta Harbor



BALTIC SEA: 6 German U-boats were directly sunk: one by submarine, one by depth charges, 2 by mines, one by mines laid by submarine, one by ground artillery fire. Another U-boat was badly damaged and scuttled by Germans as direct consequence of the damage.

Alongside this higher successes in Baltic Sea, the Germans caused only limited damages to the Soviet forces because their victim were mostly small boats or submarine chasers, rather than merchants or tankers.

U-149

26 June 1941

Patrol boats

Depth charges

Lightly damaged

No casualties

U-140

21 July 1941

Patrol boats

Depth charges

Damaged

No casualties

Vesihiisi

5 August 1941

Aux. minesweeper Menzhinsky, submarine chasers MO-142 and MO-212

Depth charges

Lightly damaged

No casualties

U-144

10 August 1941

Submarine ShCh-307

Torpedo

Sunk

Entire Crew KIA

U-679

15 July 1944

Submarine chasers MO-104 and MO-105, motor torpedo boats TK-47 and TK-57

Gunfire

Damaged

8 WIA

U-479

24 July 1944

Patrol boats

Depth charges

Lightly damaged

No casualties

U-348

26 July 1944

Il-2 attack plane

Bombs

Damaged

No casualties

U-250

30 July 1944

Submarine chaser MO-103

Depth charges

Sunk

Entire Crew KIA except 6 POW

U-348

31 July 1944

Il-2 attack fighter

Bombs

No damage

1 MIA

U-348

1 August 1944

Patrol boats SKA-082, SKA-0103, submarine chaser MO-108

Depth charges

Lightly damaged

No casualties

U-479

5 August 1944

Il-2 attack fighters

Bombs

Lightly damaged

No casualties

Iku-Turso

24 August 1944

Anti-submarine nets

Explosive charges

Lightly damaged

No casualties

U-745

26 August 1944

Patrol boat n292

Depth charges

Lighty damaged

No casualties

U-1014

16 Sept.1944

Bombers Pe-2

Bombs

Damaged

2 KIA, 3 WIA.

U-676

5 October 1944

Il-2 attack fighters

Bombs

Lightly damaged

2 WIA

U-717

14 October 1944

Bombers Pe-2

Bombs

Damaged

2 KIA, 3 WIA

U-479

After

15 Nov. 1944

Mine

-

Sunk

Entire Crew KIA

U-679

After

9 January 1945

Mine

-

Sunk

Entire Crew KIA

U-763

29 January 1945

Bombers

Bombs

Badly damaged and then self-sunk

No casualties. At Schichau shipyard

U-351

9 March 1945

Bombers Pe-2 or attack fighters Il-2

Bombs

Damaged

3 KIA, 4 WIA.

U-367

16 March 1945

Submarine L-21

Mine

Sunk

Entire Crew KIA

U-78

12 April 1945

Ground artillery

-

No damage

1 WIA

U-78

16 April 1945

Ground artillery

-

Sunk

No casualties.



lots of informations were gained (German and Finnish long-rage artillery tried to stop the recover of the submarine) including an intact exemplar of the new Geramn advanced secret acustic torpedo T-5 The commander of the U-250, Captain Lt. Werner-Karl Schmidt with 4 of the 5 other sailors capturred. Capt. Schmidt was the only German submarine commander POW in action by Soviets
-250, , , .
U-250 submarine raised by Soviets. The most famous U-boat sunk by Soviet forces because it sunk in low waters and was recovered by Soviets and lots of informations were gained (German and Finnish long-rage artillery tried to stop the recover of the submarine) including an intact exemplar of the new Geramn advanced secret acustic torpedo T-5.
The commander of the U-250, Captain Lt. Werner-Karl Schmidt with 4 of the 5 other sailors capturred. Capt. Schmidt was the only German submarine commander POW in action by Soviets.
U-250 as the Soviet trophy

The article presented by Michele Cuccia


WWII submarines

Soviet WWII fleet

War is over


main URL


Other articles:



-37 - Kosovo - F15 vs Su-37

Lend-Leased A20 in USSR

-34

-34