Definitive list of Black Sea Fleet submarines

Список подводных лодок Черноморского флота СССР

Soviet submarine A-3 of Black Sea Fleet Soviet navy submarine A-3 of Black Sea Fleet Советская подлодка А-3, ЧФ

Summary table of Soviet submarines successes
                ShCh class (16 units)   10 losses         23 ships sunk         6 ships damaged
                S class (5 units)        2 losses          3 ships sunk      
                L class (6 units)        3 losses          9 ships sunk         2 ships damaged       
                D class (3 units)        2 losses          2 ships sunk      
                A class (5 units)        2 losses          2 ships sunk         1 ship damaged          
                M class (32 units)       7 losses          9 ships sunk         

         Total 67 units with 26 losses with 48 ships sunk/destroyed and 9 ships damaged, The difference between submarines lost and destroyed targets was 1.84. Enemy military ships lost include the minelayer Regele Carol I, German auxiliary minesweeper D-2, German landing barges SF-35, F-130, F-474, F-566, F-580 and F-592 sunk. Germand landing barge F-329 was damaged.


Lists of submarines

Shchuka series Vbis
ShCh-201 received the Order of the Red Banner
30/Jun/43 sunk fishing motorboat MFK-5701 (15 GTR) boarded and bottom holed. 8 POW.
ShCh-202
ShCh-203 (lost 26 Aug 1943 sunk by Italian submarine CB-4)

Shchuka series VbisII
ShCh-204 (lost 6 Dec 1941 German seaplane He-59 or mines)
ShCh-205 received the Guards Banner
18/May/42 damaged Turkish merchant Duatepe (128 GRT) gunfire
and damaged Turkish schooner Mahbuba Jahan (20 GTR) gunfire the same day
23/May/42 sunk Turkish merchant Zafer (330 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of tiles and porcelain.
ShCh-206 (lost 9 Jul 1941 possibly sunk by Romanian motor torpedo boats Viforul and Viscolul)
ShCh-207


Shchuka series X
ShCh-208 (lost after 23 Aug 1942 mine)
ShCh-209 Had a total of 5 confirmed victories. Received the Order of the Red Banner
22/Aug/43 capture Turkish schooner Derviske (25/30 GTR)
25/Aug/43 capture Turkish schooner Yilmaz (55/60 GTR). Cargo of wood, apples and nuts.
Crew of both last schooners was captured and schooners were abandoned on sea without crew, sinking later.
2/Dec/43 sunk German landing craft F-566 (155 GTR) torpedo. Carried 3 assault guns and an armored reconnaissance car.
20/Jul/44 sunk Turkish schooner Semsi Bahri (55/50 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of fishes and oranges. 7 POW
26/Jul/44 sunk Turkish schooner Hyydakerim (125 GTR) gunfire
ShCh-210 (lost after 12 Mar 1942 mine)
ShCh-211 (lost after 14Nov 1941 mine)
15/Aug/41 sunk Romanian merchant Peles (5708 GRT)2 torpedoes

Vittimа dei sottomarini e navi sovietiche Peles Romanian ship Peles. Vittimа dei sottomarini e navi sovietiche Peles

29/Sept /41 sunk Italian tanker Superga (6154 GRT) torpedo.

29/Sept /41 sunk Italian tanker Superga (6154 GRT) torpedo Superga sunk with 1800tons of gasoline and 2350tons of crude oil

ShCh-212 (lost after 11 Dec 1942 mine)
ShCh-213 (lost after 14 Oct 1942 mine)
23/Feb/42 sunk Turkish schooner Çankaya (164 GRT) gunfire
. Cargo of 170tons of metal pipes and 30 tons of bricks.

23/Feb/42 sunk Turkish schooner Cankaya Turkish ship Cankaya

24/Feb/42 sunk Bulgarian merchant Struma (257 GRT) torpedo -- error, carried Jews refugees, 768 dead.
3/Mar/42 unexploded torpedo hit on Turkish schooner Adana.
ShCh-214 (lost 19 Jun 1942 sunk by Italian motor torpedo boat MAS-571) best submarine lost in action with 6 victories,
3/Nov/41 sunk Turkish schooner Kaynakdere (ext 75 GRT) gunfire. Cargo of cotton.
5/Nov/41 sunk Italian tanker Torcello (3336 GRT) torpedo

Italian ship Torcello Italian ship Torcello

1/Jan/42 sunk Turkish schooner Koraltepe (60/65 GRT) gunfire. Cargo of food and tobacco.
29/May/42 sunk an unknown schooner (? GRT) with ramming. Cargo of tobacco.
31/May/42 sunk an unknown schooner (? GRT) gunfire.
2/Jun/42 sunk an unknown schooner (? GTR) ramming. Cargo of grain.
Identity of of the three unknown schooners as “Hudarvendigar, Mahbubdihan and Kaynarea” is false. Turkish government forbidden the press to spread information to not cause diplomatic incidents. Has been suggested identity as Bulgarian smugglers. Captains were detained.

ShCh-215 second most successful in Black sea, with 8 victories, received the Guards Badge
18/Nov/41 sunk Turkish merchant Yenice (428 GRT) torpedo
24/Jan/43 damaged German tug Stralsund (190 GRT) gunfire and damaged German barge L-1357 with gunfire the same day.
24/May/43 lightly damaged German minesweeper R-164 with torpedo explosion (not direct hit).

30/Aug/43 sunk German merchant Thisbé (1782 GRT) torpedo. 1604 tons of chrome ore (it was a pre-designed target).
15/Nov/43 sunk German landing craft F 592 (155 GTR) torpedo. 15 Germans carried missing (+ 4 sailors).
24/Apr/44 recovered on sea a German defector on a small rowboat.
5/Aug/44 sunk Turkish merchant Mefkure (60/65 GRT) torpedo or gunfire -- error attack, ship carried Jews refugee, 301 dead
24/Aug/44 sunk Bulgarian schooner Vita (135 GRT) torpedo


Shchuka series Xbis
ShCh-216 (lost 17 Feb 1944 sunk by German submarine-hunters UJ-103 and UJ-106)
10/Oct/42 sunk Romanian merchant Carpati (4336 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of field kitchens, barracks equipment, projectors and coal.
6/Aug/43 badly damaged German tanker Friederike (7327 GRT) torpedo (known as Firuz at the time).

Stalinist series IXmod
S-31 Received the Order of the Red Banner
21/Sept/42 missed with torpedoes the tug Perovolyka but the torpedoes exploded on the beach, killing 5 German soldiers.
9/Dec/43 sunk German landing craft F-580 (155 BRT) torpedo. Only 1 survived. 20 tons of ammunition cause explosion of craft.
S-32 (lost 26 Jun 1942 German air attack )
S-33 Received the Guards Badge
20/Apr/43 sunk Romanian merchant Suceava (6876 GRT) torpedo. At the time of the sinking, it was 1/4 of the Axis merchant tonnage in Black Sea.

sunk Romanian merchant Suceava (6876 GRT) torpedo Suceava (on background)

12/May/44 sunk German landing craft F-130 gunfire. (155 GTR).

The unit was sunk and was captured an intact Kriegsmarine flag.
S-34 (lost between 12/13 Nov 1941 mine)
S-35

Leninist series II
L-4 the best soviet submarine of Black Sea with 9 victories, received Order of Red Banner
15/Sept/41 sunk Bulgarian merchant Chipka (2304 GRT) mine. Cargo of grain.
10/Oct/41 sunk the Romanian mine-layer Regele Carol I (2369 GRT) mine. This mine-layer can be the biggest enemy warship sunk in Black Sea by submarines.

Romanian heavy minelayer Regele Carol I sunk after being hit by a mine of submarine L-4. probably the largest and most important military ship sunk by a Soviet submarine

Romanian heavy minelayer Regele Carol I sunk after being hit by a mine of submarine L-4. The ship was an ex-armored cruiser converted into a big minelayer, probably the largest and most important military ship sunk by a Soviet submarine (also for the strategic consequences, reducing the enemy mine-laying power).

19/Nov/41 sunk German auxiliary minesweeper D-2 with mine
23/May/43 badly damaged German landing craft F-329 (155 GTR) with gunfire
22/Jul/43 sunk Turkish schooner Tayyari Bahri (55/60 GRT) gunfire
23/Jul/43 sunk Turkish schooner Gurpinar (35/40 GRT) gunfire
28/Jul/43 damaged German landing craft EL-74 (139 GTR) mine. It was not repaired.
23/Nov/43 sunk German merchant Santa Fe (4627 GRT) mine. Ship carried 1278 tons of military cargo, including 12 tanks-hunters (10 Stugs and 2 experimental Jagdpanzers) and 100 naval mines.
14/Dec/43 German submarine-chaser UJ-102 was launching depth charges right above the wreck of Santa Fe (after a reported contact with submarine) and exploded after fuel from the wreck was ignited.
11/May/44 badly damaged and never repaired German tanker Friederike (7327 GRT) torpedo

Friederike's damage after the L-4's torpedo attack. The end was near for the Axis forces and the ship was not repaired Немецкий танкер Фредерик поврежден торпедой советской подводной лодки Л-4.
German tanker Friederike's damage after the L-4's torpedo attack. The end was near for the Axis forces and the ship was not repaired. The loss was severe for the enemy: the ship could have carried up to 10,000 troops from the evacuation operations.

L-5
17/Feb/43 it’s possible that German landing craft F-473 (155 GRT) was was badly damaged (not recovered) on submarines’ field of mines (probably could have been another mine).

L-6 (lost 18 Apr 1944 sunk by German submarine-hunter UJ-104)
26/Nov/43 sunk German merchant Wolga-Don (965 GRT) torpedo. 325 tons of cargo for Luftwaffe

German tanker Volga-Don Wolga-Don was carrying 325 tons of cargo for the Luftwaffe


Leninist series XIIImod
L-23 (lost 17 Jan 1944 for unknown reasons)
14/Nov/42 badly damaged German tanker Ossag (2793 GRT) torpedo (ship was carrying 3800tons of fuel)
15/Jun/43 it’s possible that German landing craft F-121 (155 GRT) was sunk on submarines’ field of mines.
L-24 (lost between 15 and 29 Dec 1942 mine)
L-25 (lost 18 Dec 1944 accident; non-battle loss, after end of hostilities in Black Sea).

Dekabrist series I
D-4 (lost after 1 Dec 1943 mine)
11/Aug/43 it is possible (but not much likely) that the German merchant Boy Federson (6689 GRT) was sunk with torpedo. Aircraft more probably sank it.
20/Aug/43 sunk Bulgarian merchant Varna (2141 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of 520 tons of ammunition.
Varna carried the ammunition Varna carried the ammunition.

D-5 8/Dec/42 sunk Turkish schooner Beycik (55/60 GRT) gunfire
D-6 (lost 26 Jun 1942 self-destroyed)

AmericanHolland
A-1 (lost 26 Jun 1942 self-destroyed)
21/Jul/21 sunk the defecting ship Sawa (? GRT) gunfire (Russian Civil War)
2/Aug/21 capture the White merchant Afanasiy Feofany (482 GRT) (Russian Civil War)
A-2
2/Aug/21 capture the White merchant Energiya (664 GRT) (Russian Civil War)
10/Oct/43 sunk German landing craft F-474 (155 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of ammunition
A-3 (lost after 28 Oct 1943 sunk by mine)
29/May/42 sunk Romanian merchant Sulina (3495 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of 4000 tons of oats, 510 tons of wheat, 2 artillery guns and ammunition.
Romanian merchant Sulina sinking after the torpedo attack of submarine A-3 Romanian merchant Sulina sinking after the torpedo attack of submarine A-3.
Румынский транспорт «Сулина» тонет после торпедной атаки подлодки А-3. Утром 29 мая в точке 46°30, 2' с.ш./ 30°52, 5' в.д. (в пределах позиции № 32 у Одессы) подводная лодка двумя торпедами поразила судно из состава конвоя, следовавшего из Констанцы в Николаев. Вместе с «Сулиной» (3495 брт) на дно ушли 4000 тонн овса, 510 тонн пшеница, 2 артиллерийских орудия и боеприпасы, из экипажа судна погибли 10 человек.

A-4
A-5 Received the Order of the Red Banner
11/Jun/42 forced to run aground the Romanian merchant Ardeal (5695 GRT) torpedo

Vittime dei sottomarini e navi sovietiche A-5 danneggia Ardael
Ardeal was carrying a cargo for Luftwaffe (including aircraft’s engines)

Malyutka series VI
M-23
M-24
M-25
M-26
M-27
M-28

M-51
M-52

Malyutka series VImod
M-54
M-55


Malyutka series XII
M-30
M-31 (lost after 17 Dec 1942 unknown – possibly sunk by UJ-116 Xanten)
6/Oct/42 sunk Romanian tug Oltul (50 GRT) torpedo

Oltul (at the time RD-1 on Italian navy service) Oltul (at the time RD-1 on Italian navy service)


M-32
M-33 (lost between 22-25 Aug 1942 mine)
M-34 (lost after 3 Nov 1941 mine)
M-35 received the Guards Badge
26/Oct/41 damaged German landing craft SF-35 (140 GRT) gunfire, and then she’s lost on storm.
27/Oct/41 unexploded torpedo hit against the German merchant Lola (4500 GRT)
21/Oct/42 sunk German tanker Le Progrès (511 GRT) torpedo

Le Progress exploded, because was carrying 348 tons of oil and 149 tons of gasoline

Le Progress exploded, because it was carrying 348 tons of oil and 149 tons of gasoline

2/Nov/43 destroyed German barge L-1293 (1270 GRT) with torpedo
23/Nov/43 unexploded torpedo hit against German submarine chaser UJ-101
M-36 (lost 4 Jan 1944 accident, during post-repair sea trials, non-battle loss )
23/Aug/42 sunk German tug Ankara (112 GRT) torpedo
M-58 (lost Oct 1941 mine)
M-59 (lost Nov 1941 mine)
M-60 (lost Sep 1942 mine)
M-62 received the Guards Badge.
M-111 received the Order of Red Banner
27/Nov/42 after having missed with torpedo an enemy barge, Soviets reported a collision with her: unclear event.
29/Jun/43 was possibly responsible for unexploded torpedo hit on German landing craft F-325
17/Jul/43 unexploded torpedo hit against German merchant Adelheid (444 GRT)
28/Aug/43 heavily damaged German tanker Hainburg (378 GRT) torpedo (not repaired). 80% of cargo was saved
12/Nov/43 sunk German merchant Theoderich (3817 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of military equipment.
M-112 25/Oct/43 destroyed barge Tyra V (1278 GRT) torpedo
M-113
M-114
M-115
M-116

M-117
M-118 (lost 1 Oct 1942 Romanian corvettes Ghigulescu and Stihi Eugen)
1/Oct/42 sunk German merchant Salzburg (1742 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of 840t of manganese ore. But sadly also 2300 Soviet POWs, at least 1200 Soviet prisoners were killed during the sinking.
M-120 After the war she had the duty to sink with gunfire the captured German submarines U-18 and U-24 (27/August/47)

Malyutka series XV
M-202
M-203


The data presented by Michele Cuccia

Soviet submarines characteristics ТТХ Советских подводных лодок

Soviet WWII fleet Советский флот 2МВ

War is over


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