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A minesweeper is a small warship intended to counter the threat to shipping of naval mines. Minesweepers generally
detect then neutralize mines in advance of other naval operations.
Minesweeper warship of Soviet fleet in WW2.
Main Actions of Red navy Minesweepers in Baltic (all Fugas-class)
22-23 June 1941 The minesweeper Tszcz-201 Fugas laid alone a big number of mines (206) close Libau that caused several losses to the enemy:
on 10/July/1941 was sunk the submarine hunter UJ-113
on 28/October/1941 was sunk the patrol ship V-309 Martin Donandt
on 31/October/1941 was sunk the auxiliary minesweeper M-1708 Aldebaran
on 22/November/1941 was sunk the auxiliary minesweeper M-1706 Gertrude
The often described sinking of the auxiliary minesweeper M-3134 on 1/July/1941 was instead caused by German own mines.
19 July 1941
The Finnish motor torpedo boats Raju, Syoksy and Vinha attacked the soviet minesweeper Tszcz-202 Buy: she was missed by torpedo and the minesweeper hit and damaged the Vinha that had to be towed away by Raju to not be lost.
30 September 1941
Finnish motor torpedo boats Nuoli and Sisu attacked various Soviet warships around Gogland. Finnish sources claim one “Fugas-class” minesweeper torpedoed and sunk but Tszcz-215 and Tszcz-218 actually received no damage. Interestingly the attacking boats also targeted Soviet submarine L-3 (that would became the top-scoring Soviet submarine in the war).
11 July 1942
Minesweepers Tszcz-205 Gafel and Tszcz-207 Shpil were sent as reinforcement escorting the torpedo boat (guard-boat) Burya, during the Battle of Someri Island. However these ships had no actual engagement against the enemy (Finnish-German units). The battle was a soviet defeat with the failure of the landing and a number of losses among small crafts (caused mainly by Finnish coastal artillery and gunboats), and only damage caused to the enemy was due soviet aircrafts.
Second Battle of Nerva
16 July 1944 Result: Germans fail their goals.
Minesweepers Tszcz-211 Rym and Tszcz-217 Kontr-Admiral Yurkovskiy fought with the torpedo boat (guard boat) Tucha against the German torpedo boats T-30 (large, of Elbing class), T-8 and T-10. No hits was scored on both sides but the Germans retreated after having troubles at engines and guns, even if they had a number of advantages on paper. The First Battle of Nerva (involving soviet motor torpedo boat) has resulted in a soviet victory with sinking of a German large torpedo boat.
18 – 19 November 1944
During prolonged fighting off Cape Sorve, Fugas-class units often described as heavily engaged against the enemy but actually it was gunboats that fought more decisively. No Fugas-class minesweeper was sunk (as sometimes indicated by German propaganda), damaged or even engaged in the fighting.
Main Actions of Minesweepers in Black Sea (all Fugas-class)
Minelaying operation at the beginning of the conflict:
A mine left from a field laid by Tszcz-404 Shchit in Odessa harbor before the retreat on 16 October 1941 will sunk a enemy harbor tug on 22 April 1942.
A mine left from a field laid by Tszcz-405 Vzryvatel sunk the German landing barrge F-145 (cargo of oil) on 3 June 1942 (previously believed by Soviet submarine or German mine).
Soviet minesweepers Tszcz-404 Shchit and Tszcz-408 Yakor laid a field of mines on 24 October 1941 that caused these losses:
On day 24 October 1941 was sunk the German auxiliary minesweeper Drossel
On day 25 October 1941 were sunk the German auxiliary minesweeper Brusterort together with the German minelayer Theresia Wallner.
10 June 1942
Minesweeper Tszcz-410 Vzryv had insignificant machine-guns hits caused by the Italian motor torpedo boat MAS-570
Battle of Fidonisi
13 December 1942 Result: Soviet missed opportunity
Minesweepers Tszcz-408 Yakor and Tszcz-412 Arseniy Rasskin had a clash against the Romanian torpedo boat Smeul that was escorting the merchants Tsar Ferdinand (1994 GRT) and Oituz (2686 GRT). During the clash both the minesweepers claimed one hit on the enemy (Tszcz-408 on the leading merchant and Tszcz-412 on the Smeul) however no damage was reported by the enemy. Smeul returned fire but she too achieved no hits. Soviet minesweepers retreated after they misidentified a group of German small auxiliary minesweepers of (R-boats) for motor torpedo boats (S-boats) that shared similar features. Other two soviet minesweeper and a destroyer were not directly involved in battle.
27 February 1943
Minesweeper Tszcz-403 Gruz was torpedoed and sunk by German motor torpedo boats S-28, S-51, S-72 and S-102 without time to open fire. During this attack was also sunk the tug Mius and the gunboat Krasnaya Gruziya was mortally hit (and later finished by enemy aircrafts and coastal artillery). The loss of Tszcz-403 was the only soviet minesweeper of non-auxiliary origin (Fugas-class or others) to have been sunk in surface action by enemy.
31 March 1943
German submarine U-24 was damaged by minesweepers Tszcz-406 Iskratel, Tszcz-407 Mina and
Tszcz-409 Garpun (with support of a pair of seaplanes MBR-2) with depth charges and forced to return at the base.
24 October 1943
Again the German submarine U-24, that had suffered very minor damage by a single depth charge two days earlier, was depth charged by Tszcz-401 Tral and Tszcz-412 Arseniy Rasskin with support of smaller units, and received further damage.
Main Actions of Minesweepers in Arctic (ex-Allied ships)
30 November 1939
During the Winter War, Soviet auxiliary minesweepers Tszcz-895 and Tszcz-897 seized two abandoned Finnish motorboats on Rybachi peninsula.
19 July 1941
Soviet auxiliary minesweeper Tszcz-31, with auxiliary patrol boat Shtil, shot down a German Ju-87 bomber. Crew MIA. (Shtil sunk during the fight).
5 September 1944
German submarine U-362 was attacked and sunk with depth charges by Soviet minesweeper Tszcz-116 (ex-American of Admirable class).
Main Actions of Minesweepers in Far East
18 August 1945
During the operations in support of the Shumshu landing, minesweeper Tszcz-525 shot down a Japanese Nakajima B5N torpedo bomber (crew KIA). Some Japanese sources portrayed the aircraft as being lost on a successful Kamikaze attack sinking a “destroyer”. While obviously no Soviet destroyer was sunk (or even engaged at Shumshu), the attack was a classic torpedo-run attack. The only real attempted Japanese Kamikaze attack on a Soviet vessel occurred on the same day/location by the lonely action of a floatplane Nakajima A6M2-N that tried to crash on the Soviet tanker Taganrog (ex-American “Cedar Creek”) but was shot down by the defensive-fire, killing the pilot.
24 August 1945
Soviet auxiliary minesweeper Tszcz-155 (ex-civilian converted vessel) captured a Japanese schooner in Kurili islands.
28 August 1945
Soviet minesweepers T-589 and T-590 (ex-Americans) dispatched landing parties that captured five barges in Kurili Islands.
31 August 1945
Soviet minesweeper T-590 (ex-American) captured a Japanese schooner in Kurili islands.
Soviet minesweeper 'Iskatel' of project 53.
Navio de guerra de minas foto
Fast minesweeper 'Tral' ¹ 401 (type 'Fugas') of USSR fleet.
Fast minesweeper 'Shield' T-404 of Soviet Black sea navy, 1942.
Soviet WWII minesweeper ETMSch-407 'Mina' aside the sisteship in Sevastopol. WWII photo.
Squadron minesweeper Vladimir Poluhin of Russian fleet in 1942.